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Mridangam

The mridangam (mrt+anga = clay body) is the most popular drum used in South Indian music. The drum is somewhat similar to the pakhawaj, however, there are some fundamental differences. The mridangamís dayan (shown on the right) has very little resonance, due to the maidan (middle skin) is very small compared to the entire drum. Sometimes, one will insert some straw inside the kinnar (rim skin layer) to create a snare. The bayan, like the pakhawaj, requires a temporary wheat application to create the bass sound. The entire body is made of jackwood.

 

AUDIO CLIP: Mridangam

 

UPDATED: March 12, 2012